Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the video game genre. For the board game genre, see Adventure board game. The examples and perspective in this computer game graphics world creator download or section might have an extensive bias or disproportional coverage towards one or more specific regions. An adventure game is a video game in which the player assumes the role of a protagonist in an interactive story driven by exploration and puzzle-solving.
Initial adventure games developed in the 1970s and early 1980s were text-based, using text parsers to translate the player’s input into commands. As personal computers became more powerful with the ability to show graphics, the graphic adventure game format became popular, initially by augmenting player’s text commands with graphics, but soon moving towards point and click interfaces. For markets in the Western hemisphere, the genre’s popularity peaked during the late 1980s to mid-1990s when many considered it to be among the most technically advanced genres, but had become a niche genre in the early 2000s due to the popularity of first-person shooters and became difficult to find publishers to support such ventures. The Asian markets have also found markets for adventure games for portable and mobile gaming devices. Essential elements of the genre include storytelling, exploration, and puzzle solving. Adventure games have been described as puzzles embedded in a narrative framework, where games involve narrative content that a player unlocks piece by piece over time.
Combat and action challenges are limited or absent in adventure games, thus distinguishing them from action games. Adventure games are also distinct from role-playing video games that involve action, team-building, and points management. Adventure games lack the numeric rules or relationships seen in role-playing games, and seldom have an internal economy. Adventure games contain a variety of puzzles, decoding messages, finding and using items, opening locked doors, or finding and exploring new locations. Many adventure games make use of an inventory management screen as a distinct gameplay mode.
Players are only able to pick up some objects in the game, so the player usually knows that only objects that can be picked up are important. Many puzzles in these games involve gathering and using items from their inventory. Players must apply lateral thinking techniques where they apply real-world extrinsic knowledge about objects in unexpected ways. For example, by putting a deflated inner tube on a cactus to create a slingshot, which requires a player to realize that an inner tube is stretchy. Adventure games are single-player experiences that are largely story-driven. More than any other genre, adventure games depend upon their story and setting to create a compelling single-player experience. Since adventure games are driven by storytelling, character development usually follows literary conventions of personal and emotional growth, rather than new powers or abilities that affect gameplay.
Adventure games have strong storylines with significant dialog, and sometimes make effective use of recorded dialog or narration from voice actors. This genre of game is known for representing dialog as a conversation tree. The primary goal in adventure games is the completion of the assigned quest. Early adventure games often had high scores and some, including Zork and some of its sequels, assigned the player a rank, a text description based on their score. The primary failure condition in adventure games, inherited from more action-oriented games, is player death.